Solid Waste Management has proven to be an ally for companies to eliminate the negative impacts that waste causes, especially those associated with incorrect final disposal. Thinking of efficient waste management, we present to you a complete guide to optimize waste management within your company. Check it out!
The high consumerism nowadays has generated an extremely high load of accumulation of solid waste, which is often dumped daily into the environment without any treatment causing serious consequences for human health and nature conservation.
Adopting actions to reverse this situation is more than necessary, especially by companies, because they are responsible for producing a significant amount of waste.
See below what we will cover in this article:
- relevance of waste management
- what is solid waste management
- the responsibility for waste management
- how to do solid waste management
- advantages of solid waste management
- consequences of the lack of waste management
Relevance of waste management
Lack of solid waste management within an enterprise can lead to the following problems, among several others:
For the enterprise:
- High fines and environmental sanctions;
- scandals due to cases of environmental pollution;
- a negative image of the company;
- hindrance of new business partnerships due to lack of environmental responsibility;
- hindrance of operations due to lack of waste management according to the laws and regulations proposed by the government and responsible entities:
For the environment:
- contamination of the soil with fungi and bacteria;
- contamination of rainwater and groundwater;
- increase in the population of rats, cockroaches and flies, disseminators of various diseases; increase in the costs of products and services;
- clogging of rainwater drainage networks;
- silting up of streams and waterways;
- fires of large proportions and difficult to fight; destruction of the ozone layer, etc.
In view of this, and by legal determination, it is relevant to perform the waste management within the organization. The legislation that governs the appropriate management of waste is the National Solid Waste Policy.
What is solid waste management?
Waste management means adopting a set of appropriate actions in the stages of collection, storage, transport, treatment, final destination, and environmentally accepted final disposal, with the aim of minimizing waste production and aiming to preserve public health and the quality of the environment.
According to the Solid Waste Policy, waste management must ensure maximum reuse and recycling and the minimization of waste.
The law states that each generator is responsible for the waste generated and that it must be segregated at the generating source.
To manage waste, companies must follow the following order of priority: non-generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, solid waste treatment, and environmentally adequate final disposal of waste.
Waste management in the company aims to reduce the amount of materials and encourage their reuse. Besides improving its image with customers, shareholders, government, and the population. It also minimizes environmental accidents, contamination risks, and disease proliferation. And most importantly, management increases economic gains, because costs with raw materials are reduced when reusing the waste, and costs with its final disposal.
The Policy for Solid Waste establishes the shared responsibility between the government, the business sector, and the entire community.
Each generator, which includes manufacturers, importers, distributors, traders, the citizen, and holders of management services for urban solid waste in reverse logistics, is responsible for the waste generated, whether at home or at work.
To comply with the policy guidelines, generators must minimize waste generation and promote maximum reuse and recycling, ensuring an environmentally appropriate final destination.
The responsibility of the generator of household waste
Household waste originates from domestic activities in urban residences and the generator is responsible for its management.
He must separate the waste appropriately and dispose of it for public collection, which is responsible for the management of solid waste.
The responsibility of the generator of industrial, civil construction, and health residues
The industries, civil construction, and health sectors have the private responsibility for the management of solid residues.
What does this mean? That these sectors must guarantee on their own that the stages of collection, transport, treatment, destination, and final disposal occur in the appropriate manner.
How to do solid waste management?
Waste Management may at first seem complicated, bureaucratic, or tiresome, especially in the residue classification and characterization stages. However, it is essential for your company and can minimize environmental impacts and liabilities, avoid financial losses, and preserve your company’s image.
To facilitate management within organizations, some platforms have created software that meets clients’ needs that demand total control of all waste management processes. The main functionality of the software is to promote management, eliminating the old Excel spreadsheets, PDF licenses, and Word documents.
Its goal is to generate positive results for its clients and comply with the environmental legislation. Moreover, it provides services for the elaboration and implementation of waste management plans and monitors the efficiency of the actions.
The benefits in having document control in waste management are countless, among them:
- helps in the compliance with the Waste Management Policy, because all the documents necessary for the compliance with the environmental legislation are managed;
- facilitates the management of information and avoids the loss of supporting documents
- standardizes the communication with suppliers;
- minimizes the possibility of environmental liabilities and damage to the company;
- allows the complete control of documentation, licenses;
- optimizes the preparation of reports and inventories;
- assists in meeting deadlines, avoiding delays.
The advantages of solid waste management
Waste management is an opportunity for companies to earn money by buying and selling waste. Through one of the management tools, the efficient selective collection, it allows the separation of quality recyclable materials that can be commercialized.
Furthermore, it identifies deficiencies in the production process, reducing waste and costs, increasing the profitability of the business, and contributing to sustainable development.
It contributes to a positive image in front of its customers, partners, and the local community, in addition to ensuring compliance with legal requirements, minimizing the risks of fines and punishments.
Currently, there are some platforms that connect companies that are interested in selling and buying waste. It creates opportunities and optimizes the solid waste management of the organizations for better utilization and destination.
Reduction of costs with storage, waste disposal, and raw material purchase
By optimizing waste management the company will foresee waste reduction goals. With the optimization of waste management the amount of waste reduces considerably. Consequently the associated costs for environmentally correct final disposal are also reduced.
The policy determines that the waste must be stored and packaged correctly, thus avoiding negative impacts. In order to comply, it is not uncommon for companies to rent or build new spaces exclusively for waste storage. This can mean a large portion of the costs. Another costly expense is landfill disposal. Thus, reducing waste promotes cost reduction in storage and disposal by promoting organization and freeing up space;
In addition to these advantages, we have:
contributing to cleanliness and avoiding the proliferation of animals
To keep the waste storage site organized and clean, thus avoiding the proliferation of animals it is important to have a good waste disposal planning. With waste management a procedure is created to avoid the accumulation of waste contributing to the cleanliness and organization of the organization.
promoting improvement and increasing productivity
By optimizing the waste management, we identify faulty processes that generate a lot of waste. Improvements are then made in the processes, reducing the generation of waste and consequently increasing productivity.
reduction of environmental impact
It is necessary for the company to know the waste classification criteria in order to correctly dispose of the waste, thus avoiding damage to the environment.
Waste classification and characterization is a fundamental part of waste management.
improvement in the company’s image
A company that optimizes waste management improves the company’s brand image before its clients, shareholders, and the population. Because assertive management demonstrates that the organization is concerned with the environment and with human health.
avoid fines and penalties
The policy requires companies to manage their waste. Failure to comply with the law makes the organization pay fines for environmental crimes or even close its doors. The values of the fines can vary.
contribution to the environmental licensing regularization process
As waste management is a legal process that companies must carry out, the renewal process for the environmental license requires evidence that the organization performs the management.
The lack of solid waste management in a company has serious consequences
An organization that does not manage its solid residues loses many opportunities, mainly to do business with new clients.
It is worth remembering that it is an environmental crime to cause pollution or harm to human health, fauna, and flora, with a prison sentence, in addition to other civil and administrative penalties if solid waste is dumped without proper treatment.
Therefore, there are several advantages for the company that performs the correct waste management. Waste management is a chance to promote the quality of the separation and the commercialization of the materials, reducing the possibilities of damage to the environment and public health.
Did you like this subject or do you think it is relevant? Share it on your social networks or leave your comment below.